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If you’re read my book, you’ll know I’m all about doing your research and dealing with reputable organisations that provide credible information. With that in mind, I’m happy to introduce a guest post from Caroline Purver. Caroline is based in Ottawa where she’s a Cultural Communications Facilitator with SOPA (Settlement Online Pre-Arrival) Ontario. Here she explains how you can take advantage of their free, government-funded service to arrive in Canada better prepared for the job market.


Imagine arriving in a new country armed with information to help you settle and find a job faster. Envision finding a job in your field just weeks or months after landing. With the help of Settlement Online Pre-Arrival (SOPA), this can actually be a reality as seen in our many success stories.

SOPA is a nation-wide pre-arrival service (funded by IRCC) which helps newcomers arrive prepared to Canada. We offer a personalized online intake session for each participant (to assess needs and go over any settlement questions as well as provide access to one or more of our five free online courses). Because SOPA is a nation-wide program, your intake counsellor will be located in your desired province (except for Quebec) and will be able to provide you with local and up-to-date information. The best part is that this is all done before arriving to Canada!

SOPA logo

By taking advantage of our free online courses, newcomers will be one step-ahead with gaining knowledge on how to find a job (specifically in Canada) and learning about the cultural expectations in the Canadian workplace – again all before arriving to the country.

In order to be eligible for the program, you must have received confirmation of permanent residency for Canada (COPR) but have not yet arrived in the country (as we are a dedicated pre-arrival service). For information on how to register, please visit our website:

We always look forward to working with clients, from around the world, and are confident that those who participate in the program will be better prepared as they start on their journey in Canada.


Thanks, Caroline, for introducing us to SOPA. This is a fantastic service for new immigrants. If you have your COPR, I’d encourage you to check our their web site and consider registering for the courses. It will definitely put you one step ahead when you move here. 


How is your summer going? Normally in Ontario we could expect a long hot summer of close to 30 degree temperatures. How different it’s been this year! More like a British summer with lots of rain and cloudy days. We’re finally seeing some better weather now, and I’ve enjoyed road trips to Midland Ontario, the Lake Superior area, and the Deer Trail near Elliot Lake. More to come on those in future blog posts. For now, here’s an update on latest immigration developments and some snippets of Canadian news.

Express Entry

Changes to Express Entry  that were announced a few months back came into effect last month. These include extra points for French language skills and extra points if you have siblings in Canada. And there’s no longer any requirement to register with the Job Bank, although this still remains an option. After a bumper month in May, there was just one Express Entry draw in June (3409 invitations to apply) and one in July (3202 ITAs). The comprehensive ranking score for the lowest scoring candidate was back up to the 440-450 range after dropping to an all-time low in May.

There is huge emphasis right now on getting people here quickly. Highly skilled temporary workers are now benefiting from the new Global Skills Strategy announced last month. This is a special fast-track route with 2-week processing of work permits, temporary resident visas provided where needed, and in some cases work permit exceptions if your assignment here is very short term. This allows much more flexibility for researchers and academics.


After a few difficult years, it’s good to hear that the economic situation and levels of employment are picking up in Calgary. There’s also a sense that the drop in oil prices may have been a good wake-up call as it’s forced people and companies there to think  more about diversification.

Alberta has always been a hugely popular destination for new immigrants, but perhaps not near the top of the list for French speakers. However, it seems that may be changing. I was surprised to learn that Alberta now has the third largest French-speaking population in Canada outside of Quebec and one of the fastest growing French speaking populations. And the province has recently released its first ever French policy with the aim of improving government supports for French speakers.


This summer has seen several updates for the very popular Ontario PNP program. No more applications are being accepted for the Employer Job Offer stream as this has reached its intake limit. And after a sudden surge in applications, there’s now a hold on intakes for the Ontario Express Entry Human Capital Priorities Stream. To date, around half of the Ontario’s potential 6000 nominations have been made with processing times varying between 30-90 days. Most recently, this stream had been targeting IT professionals.

Anyone thinking of moving to Barrie Ontario will be pleased to hear about their GO line improvements. Barrie’s also been in the news for other reasons. It’s now one of the most expensive places to rent in Canada. Aside from Toronto and Ottawa, other Ontario locations at the more expensive end include Kingston and Oshawa

The GO train is also set to expand into the Kitchener-Waterloo area, making it an even more attractive destination for business and all those IT giants (ie. Google) and startups that congregate there. A new IBM Innovation Incubator has just been launched in Waterloo, expected to create up to 2600 jobs by 2020.


If you work in the construction sector and have been thinking of making the move to Canada, there could be opportunities in PEI. The province recently announced it will need close to 2000 new construction workers over the next 10 years. Both residential and commercial construction is apparently booming.

For an interesting look at the challenges and rewards of settling somewhere smaller, check out this profile of a Canadian immigrant from Iran whose family has settled in Charlottetown.


In Saskatchewan, the Saskatchewan Opportunities Corporation (SOCO) has listed technology sector development as one of its priorities in its latest annual report. This province now has the third highest population growth rate behind Manitoba and Ontario.

Overall, the situation is looking more positive for Canada’s economy halfway through 2017. The Canadian dollar hit 80 cents US for the first time since 2015. The employment rate has increased over the last few months, with Quebec and B.C. showing the biggest increases, and Alberta and Ontario staying about the same. Jobs in what are classed as scientific, professional, and technical services have seen the biggest increase, notably in computer system design services.

Next month, I’ll have a guest post highlighting some of the great settlement services available to immigrants before arriving in Canada. In the meantime, here are a few pictures from my summer travels so far!

Harbourfront at Midland, OntarioHarbourfront at Midland, Ontario


Wye Marsh, OntarioWye Marsh, Ontario


Alice at the Wye Marsh CentreAlice at the Wye Marsh Centre


Salzburger Hof Resort restaurant, Batchawana Bay Salzburger Hof Resort restaurant on Batchawana Bay, Ontario

It’s been over two years since I first published Moving to Canada: an A-Z guide. Back then, the Express Entry system had just been introduced, and Stephen Harper was still in power.  Fast forward to 2017. Justin Trudeau is everywhere, and CIC (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) is now IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada)–not to be confused with the ICC (International Cricket Council). Okay, I might be the only person who muddles those two up :-)

So definitely time for a refresh. All the content and links in the book have been updated, and there’s expanded coverage of Canada’s eastern provinces. Plus I’ve added a mini dictionary to help you out with some of those awkward Canadian words and phrases that might have you scratching your head. Even though my first language is English, I still found there were plenty of those. Here’s a look at the brand new cover, designed by my talented author/graphic artist husband.

Moving to Canada: an A-Z guide

For a flavour of the many Canada150 celebrations taking place around the country, log on to the Passport 2017 web site or download the app. In June, this included events to mark other important days in the Canadian calendar:

National Aboriginal Day – (June 21 – to be renamed Indigenous People’s Day for 2018)
Saint-Jean Baptiste day in Quebec (June 24)
Canadian Multiculturalism Day (June 27)

Locally, Science North in Sudbury is hosting its annual family-friendly celebration for Canada Day, culminating in a fireworks display just after 10pm. Cross fingers for good weather! I’m all set at home with my new huge Canadian flag and my hanging basket of red petunias. And in Ontario, everyone breathed a sigh of relief this week when they heard that disaster had been averted– the LCBO (Ontario’s official retailer for wine and spirits) won’t be on strike!

Whatever you’re doing for Canada Day, whether it’s attending an event, relaxing at home, or maybe even preparing your immigration application :-), have a fantastic weekend!

May was a busy month with rounds of invitations taking place for specific immigration categories as well as the usual Express Entry draw. Here’s the breakdown of the number of invitations to apply issued.

Provincial Nominee Program: 143
Federal Skilled Trades: 400
Express Entry: 3877

The CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) score of the lowest scoring candidate was 413, making this the lowest ever Express Entry points requirement. It’ll be interesting to see whether this figure keeps on tumbling, but right now it’s great news for  applicants.

The Ontario government has recently announced some changes to its Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) including a brand new Express Entry Skilled Trades Stream. This is specifically targeting people working in construction and agriculture but may be expanded in the future. The Employer Job Offer stream (for international graduates and those with a job offer within Ontario) has been modified with the onus now on the applicant instead of the employer in terms of preparing the application. There are also a couple of changes to the Entrepreneur stream. Surprisingly perhaps, language requirements have been lowered. Less surprising–you’ll qualify for more points if you aim to establish your business outside the GTA.

If you’re looking for somewhere a little smaller and quieter to settle in Canada, perhaps Prince Edward Island would fit the bill. It’s just released a new population action plan with an emphasis on recruiting new immigrants and encouraging immigrants to move there from other provinces. A revised PNP and improved settlement support for immigrants seem likely as a result of this.

Onto the big 150th birthday celebrations and excitement is building! Although plans went a little awry at the Memorial University Botanical Garden in St John’s (Newfoundland & Labrador) when a hungry moose decided to feast on their carefully planted Canada 150 tulips. And in a throwback to the fake lake debacle of the G20 summit a few years back, we now have the rubber duck controversy. A “six-storey tall, 13,600kg yellow duck” will be the star of the show at the Redpath Waterfront Festival, paid for in part by a large Ontario government grant.

I’m not sure how I’ll be celebrating Canada Day yet, although I want to catch the special Big Nickel display celebrating 150 years of Sudbury history. And I definitely have to replace my sad, faded Canadian flag on the deck. This year’s must-have item is the special Canada 150 flag, and with Canada Day now so close, it’s time to go flag shopping!

Canada 150 flag

Express Entry update

3687 Invitations To Apply were issued in yesterday’s Express Entry draw, with the minimum Comprehensive Ranking System points standing at 415. As with the April 19th draw, this is the lowest number of points required by applicants since Express Entry started. So your chances of receiving an ITA are looking better than ever! And for the most part, applications are being processed within the promised 6 months.

Atlantic provinces

If you’re still undecided about where to settle in Canada, it’s certainly worth considering the eastern provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland & Labrador, and PEI. With huge labour shortages looming there over the next decade, these provinces are now being much more proactive in their efforts to attract immigrants. This is reflected in the introduction of the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program. And recently New Brunswick has been holding job fairs in the US, seeking to capitalise on the understandable uncertainty that many Americans are feeling right now.

Cabot Trail, Nova Scotia

Ontario house prices

For people choosing to move to Ontario, southern and southwest Ontario remain popular destinations. So it’s disappointing to see that the crazy Toronto house market is driving up prices in those areas. Places like Hamilton, Windsor, London, and the Waterloo-Kitchener area have seen house prices increase by between 20-30% within the last year. Even somewhat less built-up areas like Peterborough, Barrie, and the Niagara Region are seeing the same effect. The average house price in Canada is now almost $550,000, although if you take Toronto and Vancouver out of the equation, this would drop to around $390,000.

Hopefully the recent measures brought in to calm the Toronto market will have an impact. And it’s good to know that the new 15% “non-resident speculation tax” won’t affect new immigrants. Rebates will be available for temporary foreign workers, international students, and people who later become permanent residents or Canadian citizens.

Niagara River


Heading further west, Manitoba has announced a renewed commitment to its Provincial Nominee Program. After clearing a massive backlog, it’s now promising 6-month completions for new applications and additional pathways to permanent residency for international students. It predicts that immigrants will be needed to fill 25% of its likely 170,000 job openings between now and 2022. And with news that seniors now outnumber children in Canada, it’s a safe bet we’re going to see some serious competition between the provinces for skilled immigrants in the years ahead.

Crow Cottage at Wawanaisa Resort


It’s finally here! After the long winter, we’ve reached the Victoria Day long weekend. This is the unofficial start of summer when Canadians open up their cottages, dust down classic cars, RVs, and boats, and barbecue/beer/deck time starts in earnest. I’m looking forward to getting our Corvette on the road and doing some hiking. I’m also finishing up a revised version of Moving To Canada. More details coming soon!



There’s a lot to get through this month! Let’s start with some economic news. Latest results show better than expected economic figures in Canada with growth across manufacturing, wholesale trade, the retail sector, construction, mining, and oil and gas.

Innovation and job creation are the watch words right now with federal and Ontario liberals announcing new projects and dispensing big sums of money this week. More IT and engineering jobs could be on the horizon in Windsor and Ottawa with huge government investment in research and engineering. Meanwhile, Ontario is establishing the futuristic-sounding Vector Institute, a centre for AI research. I’m pleased that some money is coming to Northern Ontario too with an engineering and sciences research centre in the works at Lakehead University in Thunder Bay.

Express entry

On to Express Entry and yes, it’s being tweaked again.  They aren’t huge changes compared with last year’s. This time the emphasis is on adaptability factors such as language and family, with the aim of bringing in more French speakers to strengthen Francophone minority communities in Canada.

Currently, you can score up to 136 points for your first official language and up to 24 for the second. This won’t change, but as of  June 6th you’ll qualify for extra points if you have “strong French language skills” plus ability in English. This will be judged via the standardized language tests that all Express Entry candidates have to complete. If your French is assessed at intermediate level or better and you have basic level English you can gain an extra 15 points. Those French skills combined with intermediate level or higher English? That can net you up to 30 extra points.

Another change–and somewhere simpler to follow–if you (or your spouse) have a sibling who is already a permanent resident or citizen in Canada, you’ll gain an extra 15 points. Your sibling must be 18 or older.

Finally, if you’re applying to immigrate but don’t have a job offer or provincial nomination, you’re no longer required to set up a Job Bank account. This will become voluntary.

The number of Invitations To Apply (ITAs) issued in the latest Express Entry draw was down on the previous one–3749 compared to 3884, and the points requirements went up slightly to 441 from 434. But overall, total ITAs are up by over 50% for the first 3 months of this year as compared to last–a very positive sign.

Canadian flag

Atlantic Canada

New Brunswick perhaps isn’t always top of mind when deciding where to settle in Canada but it’s definitely out to attract more immigrants. The province and the federal government have just signed the first ever Canada-New Brunswick immigration agreement. The aim is to bring in more skilled workers to address their labour shortages, and they are especially keen to attract French speakers.

In fact, there is a strong push to bring in more immigrants to all four of Canada’s Atlantic provinces and IRCC is reporting strong employer interest in the Atlantic Immigration Pilot program.


In other news, Ontario is expanding its Immigrant Nominee Program (OINP) with the number of nominees increasing this year to 6000. If you work in ICT you’ll be interested to know that a quarter of Ontario provincial nominees are working in this field. Although things have perhaps declined a little from the Blackberry/RIM heyday, the IT sector is still thriving especially in the Kitchener-Waterloo region.

If you want to get an idea of what Ontario’s top public sector employees are earning, take a look at the annual “sunshine list” published on Friday. It lists the salaries of all public sector workers who earn more than $100k. As salaries surge higher with inflation, there’s much debate as to whether the 100k threshold is meaningful anymore. But it’s still interesting to browse and see the types of jobs in there. And if you live in Ontario, it’s fun to be nosy and look up people that you know :-) The list is no longer just directors and managers but also teachers (elementary and secondary), professors, registered nurses, firefighters, IT team leads, and police constables.

And finally…

And speaking of sunshine (did you like that link? :-) ), it’s the time of year when Canadians are done with winter and looking ahead to spring. Spring is officially here, although it’s been a little difficult to tell. Sunday and Monday were hazardous with freezing rain. My yard was an ice rink and I had to battle my way into my frozen canvas portable garage with little icicles flying everywhere. Thankfully I didn’t slip on the ice, but I know many people who weren’t so lucky. Since then, temperatures are up, and a lot of snow has melted. I’m sure the barbecues and patio furniture have already been wheeled out in Canadian Tire, and apparently a few people have already been spotted wearing T-shirts :-)

It was my husband’s birthday yesterday, and as he often pines for Jaffa Cakes (as well as pies), I thought I’d try my hand at making some. They’re one of those very British products that I’ve never spotted for sale in Sudbury, so we’ve occasionally ordered them online from The Scottish Loft in Niagara-on-the-Lake. And I’m sure they’re available at all other good British import stores too :-)

I’d bookmarked a vegan Jaffa Cake recipe a long time ago and saved it to my collection in onetsp. I couldn’t locate the web site for that particular version but found what may be the original recipe here, helpfully converted to cups.  Although I prefer to weigh my ingredients for baking, my scales are so unreliable so I was happy to get out the measuring cups. I just had to do a little hunting for ingredients beforehand. My husband is diabetic, so I wanted to make a reduced sugar version.

Bag of flour and jar of marmalade

North American recipes typically don’t seem to use self-raising flour, so I wasn’t surprised to only find one brand at the grocery store–Brodie self raising cake & pastry flour. We’ve been moving over to Stevia in our house instead of Splenda, but as I still have a big bag of Splenda to use up, it was destined for the Jaffa Cakes instead of castor sugar. For a marmalade substitute I picked Smucker’s no sugar added orange spread. This is actually a mix of fruit and concentrated white grape juice.  The chocolate chips were regular old semi-sweet President’s Choice ones, so we couldn’t avoid the sugar entirely

The recipe is supposed to make 12-15 cakes. I ended up with 12, because I couldn’t be bothered greasing an extra tray :-) So, our Jaffa Cakes were on the fat side–as was I after scooping all the spare chocolate mixture out of the pan :-) I followed the baking time exactly, using the middle oven rack, and it worked perfectly.

Jaffa Cakes at pre-chocolate stage

These were really simple to make. The only slightly fiddly bit was spreading the ‘marmalade’ onto the bases. Here is my version.

Vegan, reduced-sugar Jaffa Cakes


1 cup self-raising flour
1/2 cup Splenda
100 ml soy milk
50ml canola oil (rapeseed oil if you’re in the UK)
1 tsp vanilla extract
3/4 cup chocolate chips
1/3 cup dairy-free margarine
grated zest of half an orange
marmalade or equivalent–about 1tsp per cake


Grease a bun tray and pre-heat oven to 180°C/350°F/gas 4

For the base, mix flour and sweetener until just combined. Then add the milk, oil, and vanilla extract. Spoon into tray and bake for about 8 minutes.

Cool in the tray for 2 minutes, the remove the cakes to cool on a wire rack. When they have completely cooled, spread a thin layer of marmalade over each cake.

For the chocolate topping, melt margarine and chocolate chips over a low heat, stirring constantly. Then remove from heat and add the orange zest.

This is the messy part: spoon on the chocolate topping to completely cover each cake. Make sure you have a plate underneath to catch the drips! Place in the fridge, still on the wire rack, for as long as needed to set. Enjoy!
Adding chocolate topping onto Jaffa Cakes

As a Canadian immigrant, it’s natural that you’ll want to hold on to your history and the culture of where you were born, and where you probably still have family. But when you move here, you’ll also want to fit in and feel at home in your new country. As Canada approaches its 150th birthday this year, it got me thinking about how Canadian I now feel and the things which have contributed to that.

The call of the loon

I arrived in Canada not long before the 2006 federal election. At that time I had no interest in, or understanding of, the Canadian political system – and of course wasn’t yet eligible to vote. Politics? Forget it! I was far too busy just navigating everyday life.

But one thing that did grab my attention was my local CBC radio morning show. From my earliest days here, the call of the loon that featured as part of their theme music, and the now familiar voice of the presenter, provided a sense of comfort and familiarity–of being “home.”

“Morning North,” “Up North” on the drive home, and “As It Happens” while I’m cooking dinner–all quickly became a part of my life here. I didn’t (and still don’t) have TV, so I relied a lot on the radio, gradually learning more about the local news scene and eventually the national picture.

Learning the lingo at Tim’s

Double double? Roll up the rim? Timbits? Despite now being owned by the American burger chain, Wendy’s, Tim Horton’s is a Canadian institution and you’ll feel extra Canadian once you decipher the lingo at “Tim’s” as it’s known.

I have happy memories of “Everything bagels” with cream cheese during our many house hunting trips over here. Having just flown in from England, which is 5 hours ahead on time, we were always up ridiculously early at the beginning of Canadian holidays. Since those days, the Tim’s menu–along with the calorie count–has expanded. I don’t tend to stop in there now unless we’re on the road, but I still enjoy a Tim’s steeped tea now and again.

Tim Horton's coffee

O Canada & hockey bewilderment

Attending my first and *embarrassed cough* only hockey game as a brand new immigrant was certainly an experience. Hockey–never “ice hockey”–is THE sport in Canada, so my husband and I figured we should turn out to see our local team in action – the Sudbury Wolves. I had no clue what was happening and knew none of the rules. I remember being astounded by the random violence that broke out on the ice on a regular basis–and this from two “junior” teams. The most emotional moment was the singing of the Canadian anthem before the game. I think I cried a little. We’d made it–we were finally here.

Room to roam on crown land

According to the Canadian Encyclopedia, less than 11% of Canadian land is privately owned. The rest is classed as “Crown land,” controlled by either federal or provincial government. Despite the name, crown land is yours to roam through as you please, although non residents will need a permit. Moving here from a country full of private/keep out signs where everything is owned, being able to hike across crown land was a revelation. This sense of freedom is something I felt from my very first visit here. Now I’m lucky enough to have a house that backs onto crown land, I can walk out of my front door and wander for hours where I want.

Wanapitei River,

Shoveling all that snow and a real white Christmas

After all this time, it’s very easy to get jaded about winter. But during our first winter here, we enthusiastically bought shovels at Canadian Tire and rushed outside with excitement after the first major snowfall to begin clearing! We even took pictures! And every Dec 25th was a guaranteed white Christmas! Well okay, not quite. I think we’ve had two green Christmases since I moved here. But our first proper white Christmas was magical. And even now, when there’s fresh snow on the trees and the sun is shining, I still get that Canadian winter wonderland feeling.

Joining in the summer fun with our “toys”

Canadians love to play in summer, and after the long hard winter, who can blame them? We’re talking boats, RVs, classic cars, the cottage/camp/cabin (depends where you live). We’ve been lucky enough to get a taste of this on road trips and camping trips with our Corvette and camper van, as well as the occasional cottage rental. It’s been very special to be able to share in the typical Canadian summer lifestyle.

Camping at Killarney Park in March 2010

Those are some of the experiences that helped me very quickly feel at home here as a new immigrant. The moment when I felt most Canadian? Without a doubt, my Canadian citizenship ceremony–an emotional and very proud occasion. These days more than ever, Canada feels like a good place to be, and hopefully many more newcomers will get to discover Canada for themselves in its 150th year.

There have been lots of Canadian good news stories this week.  The New York Times voted us as the top country to visit in 2017. Book your flights now for the biggest party of the year in July when Canada turns 150. Party budget: over $200 million.

There was also a surprisingly positive employment report released for December. 50,000 new jobs were added in Canada, out of a total of 214,000 for the year, apparently making 2016 the “best year for job creation” since 2012.

If you speak French and are thinking of moving here, you’ll be interested in this video. It highlights success stories of immigrants who came here from France, Belgium, Congo, and Benin and settled in French-speaking communities outside of Quebec.

On to the weather report… Even Vancouver, known for its mild, if wet, winters, is getting one of its worst in a long time. I hear from relatives there that people are fighting over free buckets of salt and even going so far as to steal salt. Definitely not typical Canadian behaviour. And in Nova Scotia, they’re digging out today after a huge winter storm – up to 40cm of snow in some areas and more on the way.

Here in Northern Ontario, normal service has resumed after a late start to winter. Today is a high of -20, but at least it’s clear and bright and the snow-covered trees look beautiful . This week will be warming up, bringing with it more snow and no doubt some interesting driving conditions.

View of my back yard

View of my back yard

Many towns and cities have their own variation of a winter carnival to break up the long season. The Fire and Ice Festival happening in Bracebridge, Ontario later this month is a little out of the ordinary—complete with “The Fire Guy” and a tubing hill right on the main street, set up with specially imported snow.

For something a little less frenetic, I’m excited that we have a new park in Sudbury offering more opportunities for winter hiking, snowshoeing, or cross country skiing. Check out a dog’s view of Kivi Park or look at some fun winter photos including a snow horse and a snow husky!

That’s all for now. Stay warm!

The first year of Express Entry (2015) was generally seen as a success with 31,000 ITAs (invitations to apply) being issued (that’s out of a pool of just over 191,000 applications) and 80% of cases processed within the target six month time frame. However, I have to admit to being surprised when I saw the list of top occupations for successful applicants:

food service workers and cooks
information systems analysts, software engineers, computer programmers and interactive media developers
university professors and lecturers
retail sales supervisors
graphic designers and illustrators
financial auditors and accountants, and financial investment analysts

With the exception of IT, these don’t immediately strike me as areas where Canada is lacking in job applicants. Where are the engineers, trades people, or medical professionals? It’ll be interesting to see whether there’s a big difference to the make-up of this list in a year or two after the latest changes to Express Entry.

The new rules which took effect on November 19th, are aiming to “better attract some of the best minds in the world, including former international students, experienced professionals and talented workers who will strengthen Canada’s competitiveness in the global marketplace.” Let’s take a look at the changes and what they might mean for you.

Job offers

The biggest change is in the area of job offers. Previously, a job offer supported by an LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment) would gain you a hefty 600 CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) points towards your application. This has now been drastically reduced and depends on what NOC category the job falls into. Anything classed as 00 qualifies for 200 points; 0/A/B just 50 points.

Previously, all applicants with a job offer had to provide an LMIA. Now if you’re already working in Canada on an LMIA-exempt work permit, you’ll qualify for job offer points without the LMIA, so long as you’ve been working for your employer for at least a year. And your job offer no longer has to be for a permanent post, just a minimum of a year’s contract.

Education gained in Canada

Anyone from outside of Canada who has gained a qualification here higher than high school level, from 1 and 2 diplomas up, will receive extra education points. A one or two year diploma gains you an extra 15 points. If you have a bachelor’s degree or higher, it’s 30 points.

More time!

You’ll now have longer to complete your application after receiving the invitation to apply – 90 days instead of 60. Remembering how long it took me to organise police checks from 2 countries and the very long wait for medical checks, more time is definitely a good thing!

Good or bad?

The new changes are great news for temporary workers in Canada, especially those in more contract-based professions such as the trades, and for Canada’s international students too. And it makes complete sense that Canada would want to retain them. They are already settled here, have built connections and have the language skills. During the first year of Express Entry, almost 80% of successful applicants were drawn from people already living in Canada, so this figure could well increase.

But what about the thousands of skilled workers trying to move here from outside Canada? Will it now be even more difficult to get in? Certainly the job offer is not going to help you as much. However, if you don’t have a job offer and have specialised skills that are in demand in Canada, you’ll now stand a better chance of acceptance. The prime focus now is on bringing in highly skilled individuals to fulfill specific demands. So if you have skills that Canada desperately needs, the lack of job offer is not a deal breaker.

For official details of the changes, go to

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